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Disclosure (Telling Others You Are HIV-Positive)

Last Updated: May 3, 2015

See Also: HIV Stigma, Discrimination, and Criminalization

General Information

Telling others you are HIV-positive. Fact sheet from AIDS InfoNet. Also available in Spanish.

Telling others about your HIV. Fact sheet from Project Inform. Also available in Spanish.

Disclosure and HIV. Fact sheet from

Dating and HIV. Fact sheet from

Telling Others You Have HIV/AIDS. Web page on web site with links to many articles about disclosure.

Disclosing HIV-positive status to partners/dates. On-line "Ask the Experts" forum at web site.

Talking with your children about HIV. Excerpt from There is Hope: Learning to Live with HIV, 2nd edition.

How does disclosure affect HIV prevention? Fact sheet from the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies. 

What is the role of disclosure assistance services in HIV prevention? Fact sheet from the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies. Also available in Spanish.

Selected Recent Articles

People who don’t tell anyone else their HIV status have as good health outcomes as other people living with HIV.  Article dated May 1, 2015 from

Status disclosure patterns related to HIV care retention, viral load.  Article dated February 24, 2015 from

“You may have come into contact with…”: HIV Contact Tracing in Canada. Article dated Fall 2014 from Canadian AIDS Treatment Information Exchange.

HIV prevention needs to support gay men to discuss HIV status and risk, especially in relationships.  Article dated July 9, 2014 from  

Gay men who discuss HIV status with sexual partners are less likely to acquire HIV.  Article dated June 18, 2014 from

Taking one to tango: how restricting responsibility for safer sex to individuals hinders talking about safer sex.  Article dated January 28, 2014 from

Many Women Living With HIV Fear Abuse After Disclosure, Lack Access and Support.   Article dated November 19, 2013 from

Questions of law: Legal and health care issues for people living with HIV.  Article dated September/October from Positively Aware.

Hooked Up: Exploring HIV Disclosure Online.  Article dated September 28, 2013 from

The other side of disclosure.  Article dated July/August 2013 from Positively Aware.

Many people with HIV not disclosing at GUM clinics: estimates of undiagnosed infections may be too high.  Article dated February 19, 2013 from

Briefly: Disclosure among teens born positive.  Article from the January/February 2013 issue of Positively Aware.

Young gay men with HIV in the UK worry about disclosure, transmission and prosecution – older ones about confidence and sex.  Article dated November 7, 2012 from

Dating and Fear in the Age of HIV.  Article in the September/October 2012 issue of Positively Aware.

MISTER makes inclusion a focus of cyber-dating.  Article in the September/October 2012 issue of Positively Aware.

To Tell or Not? Disclosure Should Be Made to Measure. Article dated September/October 2011 from Positively Aware.

Couples often disagree on what they’ve told each other, study finds. Article dated September 22, 2011 from

Media campaign on disclosure and stigma changes gay men’s attitudes. Article dated September 21, 2011 from

Viral load increasingly features in safer-sex discussion and decisions by HIV-positive gay men and their partners. Article dated September 15, 2011 from

Canadian study finds criminalisation confusion "chills" open and honest discussion of HIV risk-taking. Article dated August 23, 2011 from

Young adults who were infected at birth: the complexities of lifelong HIV are increasingly apparent. Article dated April 11, 2011 from

More HIV-negative men are having unprotected sex in primary relationships, but not all of them know their partner’s status. Article dated October 22, 2010 from

Adolescents living with HIV face complex psychosocial concerns: require targeted, comprehensive services. Article dated July 20, 2010 from

Disclosure Etiquette, Part 1: Do I Have to Kiss and Tell? Article dated February 11, 2010 from the Black AIDS Institute.

Disclosure Etiquette, Part 2: Preparing Yourself to Tell Others. Article dated March 22, 2010 from the Black AIDS Institute.

Disclosure Etiquette, Part 3: The Highs and Lows of Telling Your Business.  Article dated May 17, 2010 from the Black AIDS Institute.

In 2005, half of people with HIV in the UK had disclosed status to primary care. Article dated December 4, 2009 from

HIV stigma and disclosure: Can social support help? Article dated September 2009 from Positively Aware.

Disclosure May Boost CD4 Counts. Article dated February 15, 2007 from

Need for disclosure and communication in serodiscordant gay couples. Article January 11, 2007 dated from

Talking 'bout your status. Article date March/April 2005 from Positive Aware.

Support among persons infected with HIV for routine health department contact for HIV partner notification. CDC News Update article dated April 15, 2003.

Disclosure: Being out as an HIV-positive teen. Article dated December 20, 2002 from Positive Words.

Parents' disclosure of HIV to their children. CDC News Update article dated November 11, 2002.

Should you disclose your HIV status to a potential sexual partner? Women Alive. Summer 2002.

Legal Aspects of Disclosure and Confidentiality

Three tactics to stem the tide of criminal prosecutions. Article dated July 29, 2010 from

How to Litigate an HIV Confidentiality Case. Powerpoint slide presentation dated November 2008 from the Legal Action Center (New York).

State HIV Testing Laws. Web page with clickable map for each state from the National HIV/AIDS Clinicians' Consultation Center. Provides information on key state HIV testing laws and policies.

Guidelines for HIV-Positive Health Care Workers. Document dated March 2008 from the Center for HIV Law and Policy.


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